Metro Vancouver Sustainability Breakfast
BCIT Wednesday October 7, 2009 07:30
I don’t usually type the time I write these posts, but I thought should take the credit for getting up at what my sister calls “stupid o’clock”. And actually I could have got a few more zzzs as the trip into town by a combination of car and transit was much faster than I anticipated. I was twenty minutes early. The Canada Line was not crowded and was fast – and the parking at Bridgeport is only $2.
While the meeting was supposed to be about rail they started with a 15 minute budget presentation and much to my surprise the map they used to show the Metro boundary included Abbotsford! This is because there is one regional park there, not that the boundary has been redrawn.
There is now a $565.8m budget for 2010 – mostly for water and waste management. The breakdown is approximately $200m for water, $180m for liquid waste and $100m solid waste. That leaves only about $50m for all other regional government functions – and that will be less than this year – so all that guff about Metro being a bloated bureaucracy can be safely ignored.
Exploring Rail Transportation
Michael Shiffer – VP Planning Translink
Michael Shiffer is the new VP of Planning at Translink and he entitiled his presentation Transit Resurgence and Reinvention which was essentially a history of transit in North America. He was formerly in Chicago, which showed in his presentation. He has only been in post for the last six months, and this was the first time I had heard him speak, and he seems to be much better qualified than previous planning VPs. He is also a much better presenter.
He noted how transit is tied to the urban fabric and sustainability – how density of development and high capacity mass transit are interdependent. I was also pleased that he noted in reference to one of his Chicago illustrations the “awkward fit of transit” in a freeway median. Indeed, I can think of few worse places for a station than in the middle of a freeway intersection.
He talked about gathering data, which in Chicago includes the fare collection system, in order to understand the patterns. One slide had a long list of the types of data collected in Chicago: it is probably significant that he was silent about the grave deficit in data collection at Translink.
He did the usual thing about the “multi centric lower mainland” (it’s a familiar slide) and then listed the current rail priorities: the Evergreen Line, the UBC/Broadway line and a SkyTrain extension into Surrey. He talked about the evaluation process for projects and indicted that the next step will be an Expo Line upgrade, but of course that is conditional upon the needed $130m supplement to Translink’s funding.
Steve Hall of Bombardier talked about current trends.
Bombardier is now the world’s largest rail equipment and service supplier, with 96% of its revenue earned outside of Canada. This is because the company that started by making Skidoos and Seadoos expanded by acquiring other companies – in rail and aircraft manufacturing.
The challenges that face us face the whole world: climate change, urbanisation, congestion, and the need to find other sources of energy. He pointed out that 75% of the greenhouse gas from transportation comes from road, and only 1% from rail.
Current trends include volatility in oil prices, and an increase in demand for transport. He identified four major trends in rail transportation
1 full automation for metro –
- a way to increase capacity
- a way to reduce operating cost
He described Skytrain as “ahead of its time” and “an example for the world” (Alright Malcolm, control your blood pressure, and reflect on who pays his wages – we know what you think)
2 High Speed Trains which now operate at 380kph are competitive with air up to a 3 to 4 hour flight time. In his view the Vancouver – Portland corridor is a leading candidate for US funding. China is investing $155bn in its high speed rail network with Bombardier the selected supplier.
3 Rebirth in streetcars and light rail
There have been 30 new streecar systems in Europe in past 10 years. Bombardoer will supply 204 low floor streetcars for the Toronto (TTC) existing network with a follow on potential of 340 cars for line expansions
4 Investment in Research and Development with a focus on
- comfort and convenience
- lower operating cost and energy consumption,
- lower maintenance cost
- reduced environmental impact
“The climate is right for change. The climate is right for trains”
Dale Bracewell – City of Vancouver, Olympic transportation
Dale’s theme was the 2010 streetcar – The Olympic Line
During the period of the Olympics it is expected that there will be an increase of 30% in demand for transportation in Vancouver and, at the same time a 20% reduction in road capacity. This is a significant change for Vancouver, but the city has been planning for a downtown streetcar for ten years. The vision of a downtown streetcar has, of course, been realized in Portland. That city has a regional light rail rapid transit system (Max) but the streetcar has a different, local function.
Streetcars have a longer life span than buses, with a lower operating cost and the City expects that the downtown streetcar could recover 100% of its operating cost from fares. [The region’s transit system as a whole covers just over 50% from fares now].
Streetcars promote neighborhood development in a way that buses cannot. That is because of the considerable fixed investment in track. Unlike a bus service, a streetcar is not easily redirected elsewhere.
Streetcars improve public space and have a range of capacities and speeds but fill a niche we do not have. Bus is at the lower end of speed and capacity. Skytrain is towards the upper range of LRT systems so streetcars fill the gap between them, at the lower end of LRT.
In Vancouver, streetcar is the preferred mode for tomorrow, and it is expected that the complete proposed system in downtown would have between 25k to 35k daily boardings by 2021. It is also “shovel ready” on the Granville Island – Science World section.
Vancouver has borrowed two Brussels flexity cars (with leather seats!) which will leave Brussels next week and arrive here on December 5. There will be an 18hour per day free service between the Athletes’ Village and Granville Island. Using both streetcars on a single track with a central passing loop, they can maintain a 7 minute headway and carry 1,500 people per day.
Q – pricing road transport to push people onto rail?
Shiffer: it’s not just tolling and cordons, road pricing by the kilometre travelled is now possible with new technologies but it is only one part of Transportation Demand Management (TDM). We need a TDM strategy. It is up to the leaders of the region to understand the impact on equity and the need for fairness.
Q – How do you make the rich people happy without treating the poor insensitively?
Invest in transit – it serves equity, environmental justice, increases availability of service, improves accessibility to jobs, and helps address affordability.
Bracewell also mentioned that streetcars would increase service on Sundays – since the big investment is in track and cars, the incremental cost of more service is low.
Q Allan Hebert – wanted to know how the system would be faciltating transfers and use the smart card. He also identified “anger directed at the streetcar – money spent on new tracks for a temporary service”
Bracewell – the infrastructure is not just for 60 days. It will allow Downtown Heritage Electric Railway to keep going [the old track was life expired] and the spending of $8m now is just the first step in a $100m project. He also noted that the City cannot do it alone and needs senior governments to contribute. [Portland had no federal funding for the first stage of its streetcar]
Shiffer – smart cards and faregates allow us to study the flexibility of fare products. He mentioned the use of Oyster cards in London and Chicago which ensure users get the best price whether they make one trip or many.
Q Bob Bose – Langley – we have to be concenred about the “first mile and last mile”. You talk about GRT but what about PRT?
Shiffer – indicated that car sharing, bike sharing and so on are important to get people to high quality transit defined here as 15 minute headway for 16 hours a day, 7 days a week. In a region as heterogenous as ours – one he finds “exciting and challenging” – this will always be an issue that needs a broad variety of solutions “contextual sensitivity” i.e. feeder bus services and community shuttles.
Hall – pointed to the Bombardier Chair at UBC Larry Frank’s research on public health data – increase in walking – Surrey. [In other words, we do not need PRT, since walking is good for us.] He described PRT as a “horizontal elevator”. The big issue for automated systems is the cost of a separated right of way – which means if you are going to that expense, a larger capacity, longer and faster system is easier to justify than just local access.
He also explained that the ship used to convey the trams from Europe to North America is ro/ro and the port of Tacoma has the nearest berth that can accommodate a ship of this type.
Dale Laird appealed for drivers for the Olympic Line: they need volunteers. [If you contact the writer of this blog at lastname.firstname at gmail dot com I can pass along details – sorry for the obscurity but that is to defeat the spambots.]
Q Peter Fassbender Langley City
I would like to see this presentation made in the valley. The question is about driving or following densification: there is currently a transit deficit in the valley as we only serve existing demand
Shiffer – we have to both shape AND serve – how transit ties into land use – here the debate is not “do we have transit” but “what kind of transit will work well”. This is a welcome relief from the position of most US cities. We have to strike a balance since we still have pass ups on our existing system.
Q – cost of transit – cost per mode and extent of support by government
This was not really answered as no-one had the data avaialable. Bracewell spoke instead of the capacity of a SkyTrain track compared to a lane of freeway – 1,000 pphpd car, 3,500 B-Line, 10,000 Skytrain. Shiffer waffled abouut the need for a “balanced transportation network” that would “facilitate goods movement – transit takes cars off the road to improve freight movement – and our “innovative model” [whatever that means].
Q sfu student – viability of extending rail for the valley – interurban – connect town centres
Shiffer: in addition to the Surrey extension there are some opportunities on existing rights of way including the interurban.[But it is not a current priority] “We are working stakeholders and having conversations but it depends on resources. There may well be room for demo lines which is how Portland started. We can’t afford to ignore it but need to work with partners.”
Two of these presentations are on the Metro website . Dale Bracewell’s is not there yet.
Car Co-op – there are now 233 vehicles in 8 municipalities – with cars at most Canada Line stations. The will be a “Transport Camp” unconference at BCIT on October 30 more details here [thanks to Julia for the link]
There is also a Smart Growth conference at the Convention Centre this month with special rates for students and non-profits.